By John David Smith
An previous Creed for the recent South: Proslavery Ideology and Historiography, 1865–1918 information the slavery debate from the Civil conflict via global conflict I. Award-winning historian John David Smith argues that African American slavery remained a salient metaphor for a way american citizens interpreted modern race kin a long time after the Civil War.Smith attracts greatly on postwar articles, books, diaries, manuscripts, newspapers, and speeches to counter the assumption that debates over slavery ended with emancipation. After the Civil battle, american citizens in either the North and the South endured to discuss slavery’s benefits as a hard work, criminal, and academic method and as a method of racial regulate. The examine info how white Southerners persevered to tout slavery as useful for either races lengthy after accomplice defeat. in the course of Reconstruction and after Redemption, Southerners endured to refine proslavery rules whereas subjecting blacks to new felony, extralegal, and social controls.An outdated Creed for the recent South links pre– and post–Civil struggle racial idea, exhibiting old continuity, and treats the Black Codes and the Jim Crow legislation in new methods, connecting those vital racial and felony topics to highbrow and social heritage. even if many blacks and a few whites denounced slavery because the resource of the modern “Negro problem,” such a lot whites, together with past due nineteenth-century historians, championed a “new” proslavery argument. The examine additionally strains how historian Ulrich B. Phillips and revolutionary period students checked out slavery as a golden age of yankee race kin and exhibits how a vast diversity of African american citizens, together with Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois, answered to the proslavery argument. Such rules, Smith posits, supplied a strong racial creed for the recent South.This exam of black slavery within the American public mind—which contains the arguments of former slaves, slaveholders, Freedmen's Bureau brokers, novelists, and essayists—demonstrates that proslavery ideology ruled racial proposal between white southerners, and so much white northerners, within the 5 many years following the Civil War.
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Additional info for An Old Creed for the New South: Proslavery Ideology and Historiography, 1865-1918
Buttolph, chafed under Yankee rule in Liberty County, Georgia. " Times certainly had changed. "There are to be no more bondsmen and no more whippings," lamented Mrs. Buttolph. As blacks quickly stopped acting like slaves, their former masters experienced new feelings of hopelessness and betrayal. 20 III But whites still retained the color of their skin. Throughout Reconstruction, planters and poor whites alike continued to perceive them- Emancipation and the New Proslavery Argument 27 selves as masters of any and all blacks.
4. Two notable exceptions are Pete Daniel, "The Metamorphosis of Slavery, 1865-1900," Journal of American History, 66 (June, 1979): 88-99, and William L. Van Deburg, Slavery & Race in American Popular Culture (Madison, 1984). 5. See John David Smith, Black Slavery in the Americas: An Interdisciplinary Bibliography, 1865-1980,2 vols. (Westport, 1982) and computer printouts for periods 1865-1889 and 1890-1920 in possession of the author. 6. , February 28,1911. , March 11,1899; and "Race War Coming, Dr.
The terms proslavery and antislavery appeared regularly after the Civil War. The National Anti-Slavery Standard, for example, published a column, "Pro-Slavery," well after Appomattox. " See vol. 26, December 30, 1865, p. I. 15. Rabie, "Bourbonism, Reconstruction, and the Persistence of Southern Distinctiveness," Civil War History, 29 (June, 1983): 138, 139. 16. , Essays in Southern History (Chapel Hill, 1949), 135. 17. Rabie, "Bourbonism, Reconstruction, and the Persistence of Southern Distinctiveness," 140.
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